Museo del Prado, Madrid, Spain

Image One, Inc.

He set the pattern for the art of the 19th century, the century of wild romanticism and unsparing realism. His highly original and unfettered technique, which reached its zenith in the "black paintings", was taken up by Manet, the first of the Impressionists, and by his followers. Goya's choice of subject matter was unhampered by traditions. In fact the right of the painter to record his innermost visions, even if they led him into the depths of nightmare, was claimed by Goya for the first time and its possibilities have not yet been exhausted.